Also known as: Lorazepam
Almazine, a benzodiazepine with antianxiety, sedative, and anticonvulsant effects, is intended for the intramuscular or intravenous routes of administration.
Almazine is in a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peens). Almazine affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety. Almazine is used to treat anxiety disorders.
Almazine may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person it was prescribed for. Almazine should never be shared with another person, especially someone who has a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a secure place where others cannot get to it.
The Almazine dosage your doctor prescribes will depend on several factors. These include:
- the type and severity of the condition you’re using Almazine to treat
- your age
- the form of Almazine you take
- other medical conditions you may have
Typically, your doctor will start you on a low dosage and adjust it over time to reach the dosage that’s right for you. They’ll ultimately prescribe the smallest dosage that provides the desired effect.
The following information describes dosages that are commonly used or recommended. However, be sure to take the dosage your doctor prescribes for you. Your doctor will determine the best dosage to suit your needs.
Drug forms and strengths
- Tablet: 0.5 mg, 1 mg, 2 mg
- Solution for injection (IV): 2 mg per mL, 4 mg per mL
General dosage information
The usual oral dosage for Almazine tablets is 2 to 6 mg daily. This dosage amount is usually divided and taken two or three times daily.
Dosage for anxietyTypical dosage
: 1 to 3 mg taken two or three times daily.
Dosage for insomnia due to anxiety or stressTypical dosage
: 2 to 4 mg at bedtime.
Dosage for IV Almazine
- Intravenous (IV) Almazine will be given by your doctor or nurse. Your doctor will determine the best dosage for your condition.
Special dosage considerations
Older adults and people with certain physical conditions may need to start with a lower dosage. This might be 1 to 2 mg, taken two or three times daily for anxiety or once at bedtime for insomnia.
What if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. However, if it’s just a few hours until your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the next one on schedule.
Never try to catch up by taking two doses at a time. This can cause dangerous side effects.
In cases of a suspected Almazine overdose, it is important to establish whether the patient is a regular user of Almazine or other benzodiazepines, since regular use causes tolerance to develop. Also, one must ascertain whether other substances were also ingested.
Signs of overdose range through mental confusion, dysarthria, paradoxical reactions, drowsiness, hypotonia, ataxia, hypotension, hypnotic state, coma, cardiovascular depression, respiratory depression, and death.
Early management of alert patients includes emetics, gastric lavage, and activated charcoal. Otherwise, management is by observation, including of vital signs, support and, only if necessary, considering the hazards of doing so, giving intravenous flumazenil.
Patients are ideally nursed in a kind, nonfrustrating environment, since, when given or taken in high doses, benzodiazepines are more likely to cause paradoxical reactions. If shown sympathy, even quite crudely feigned, patients may respond solicitously, but they may respond with disproportionate aggression to frustrating cues. Opportunistic counseling has limited value here, as the patient is unlikely to recall this later, owing to drug-induced anterograde amnesia.
Store Ativan at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.
Keep track of the amount of medicine used from each new bottle. Almazine is a drug of abuse and you should be aware if anyone is using your medicine improperly or without a prescription.